Scientists have understood for more than a decade that female athletes sustain concussions at a higher rate than males when playing sports such as football, basketball and cricket.

Females also tend to report more symptoms, including more severe ones and may also take longer to recover from their respective brain injuries in comparison with males.

However, little research on the topic means little is known about how females experience concussion differently.

Accordingly, Dr. Mayumi Prins, professor of neurosurgery at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and director of the UCLA Brain Injury Research Centre education programme, says scientists are trying to change that:

"Most of the research in the past has focused on males, and there's been little basic science research done on adolescents, females and concussions,"

Previous research has shown that female and male brains differ in lots of different ways; including activity patterns, anatomy, chemistry and physiology.

There are some reasons why concussions might affect females who play sport more than males. These include:

·         Hormonal issues

·         Differences in how upper-body muscles react after collisions

·         Females are more likely to disclose concussion related symptoms

However, more research needs to be undertaken for scientists to understand the full details behind why females may suffer more concussions and prolonged symptoms.

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